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JOINT RAPID ASSESSMENT REPORT

Zero Draft

JOINT RAPID ASSESSMENT REPORT

Humanitarian Emergency in Preah Vihear

12 February 2011

Executive Summary

The border clash between Cambodia and Thailand has occurred on February 04, 2010 at Preah Vihear Province and caused thousand displaced families. They have to flee from their home villages to the safe areas in the Kulen and Chaom Ksan district, PreahVihear Province. There are 6 camps for evacuated families in Phreah Vihear province: Thnol Bek Camp (Oudour Kiri Toul Andeth Pagoda, Sen Monorom Primary School – Camp (Takeong Village), Khum Thmie School, Banteay Viraksena Toch (Military Base No. 122), Thmor Thom (Choam Khsan) and Toul Andeth Pagoda (Choam Khsan). These clashes have been declared by the Government of Cambodia as invading war from Thailand to Cambodia.

By 11 Feb 2011, there were 2,664 HHs of people affected were evacuated and flee from difference villages and locations: Svay Chrum, Prasath, Kor Mouy, Saem, Sras Kdol, Ankar Aid, Virak Sena Touch 371, Virak Senatouch Kapear Prum Den, Thamacheat. The displaced people have been living in very hard condition because they don’t have proper shelters, they stay at the rice field, school and pagoda‘s yards, they have limited access to water and health care services. They have also challenging with food shortage because they have brought nothing with especially women and children.

The immediate needs for them are food, healthy and safety shelter, drinking water and water use, health care services. However, affected families in each camp find difficult to access those needs due to many constraints. Therefore, they are facing with health issues such fever, dirrharea, cold and etc.

To response the needs of affected people for short and medium term, government and all stakeholder should hand in hand working on relocated camp and apply camp management strategy which insure affected people are able to live in healthy conditions: good environment and separated shelters, access the basic need services: water, sanitation, health and education.

Table of Contents

Executive Summary…………………………………………………………………………1

Table of Contents ……………………………………………………………………………..2

I. Introduction …………………………………………………………………………………3

II. Assessment Methodology ………………………………………………………………..4

III. Findings and Recommendations………………………………………………………4

3.1 Registration and Security …………………………………………………………….4

3.2 Water Sanitation Hygiene and Health …………………………………………….5

3.3 Shelter ……………………………………………………………………………………7

3.4 Food Security and Nutrition………………………………………………………….8

3.5 Education and communication………………………………………………………9

IV. Action taken to address food and nutrition issues ………………………………..10


I. Introduction

The border clash between Cambodia and Thailand has occurred on February 04, 2010 at Preah Vihear Province and caused thousand displaced families. They have to flee from their home villages to the safe areas in the Kulen and Chaom Ksan district, PreahVihear Province. There are 6

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NCDM News

Press Release

ASEAN, UN and USAID conduct major international exercise to prepare for severe pandemic

(Phnom Penh, 10 August 2010) The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), the United Nations and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), will shortly host a pandemic preparedness and response exercise focusing on managing the impacts of severe pandemics on societies, governments and organisations in the Southeast Asian region. The exercise, which is a first of its kind anywhere in the world, will take place in Phnom Penh, Cambodia on 16-20 August 2010. It is expected to attract over 170 high-level participants from governments, UN agencies, international bodies and non-governmental organisations. The unprecedented event aims to improve the capabilities of ASEAN Member States, both individually and collectively, to prepare for and respond to a severe pandemic with potentially devastating effects on the region. The exercise also sets out to improve multisectoral preparedness and response at the country, regional and global level among the Member States and other international actors.

A severe pandemic could have hugely damaging effects on the Southeast Asia region. While many countries are engaged in meeting such a threat, much of the focus in the past has been on health area preparedness. ASEAN Members States increasingly recognize that non-health sectors can also be gravely affected, impeding a government’s capacity to respond to a pandemic. This thinking has led to the need to come together to identify the gaps in pandemic preparedness, and to strengthen collaboration and coordination among Member States.

In expressing his appreciation for the event and emphasizing its importance, the Secretary-General of ASEAN, Dr. Surin Pitsuwan, said that ‘the table-top exercise will help us fulfill the wishes of our ASEAN leaders for our region to be ready in times of pandemics. We will use the exercise to identify our gaps in pandemic preparedness and prepare for a regional pandemic preparedness plan as called for in the ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community Blueprint. Lessons learnt from this exercise can be used not only for cases of pandemics but also for other severe events affecting our region, such as natural disasters.’

Dr. Nhim Vanda, Senior Minister, First Vice President, National Committee for Disaster Management, Royal Government of Cambodia, emphasized the value of the event to the region; ‘Cambodia was one of the first countries in Southeast Asia to focus its preparedness efforts on non-health sectors. This event provides the opportunity to bring the multisector preparedness focus to a regional level and set an example that can be followed on a global front.’

The transboundary nature of pandemics means that they seldom remain isolated within a single country. Effective regional arrangements are imperative to ensure the continuity of operations and subsequent security of a country during a pandemic. The pandemic preparedness and response exercise aims to strengthen these arrangements.

The ‘Southeast Asia Regional Multisectoral Pandemic Preparedness and Response Table Top Exercise: Managing the Impact of Pandemics on Societies, Governments and Organisations’, is being funded with support from the USAID.

For more information, please contact:

Southeast Asia Regional Multisectoral Pandemic Preparedness & Response

Tabletop Exercise: Managing the Impact of Pandemics on Societies,

Governments and Organizations

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AHI Control and Preparedness Emergency Project – Project Launch